Education System In Canada An Illustration

Education System In Canada  An Illustration

Canada stands second, right after Russia if you measure the country by square kilometres. The land filled with infinite beauty has 10 provinces and 3 territories ranging from the Atlantic Ocean to the Arctic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean in between. You can also get Microbiology assignment help by top assignment experts.

I was mesmerised by its landscape when I entered the country as an immigrant. In a few days, I found that the country’s education system captured my attention more; it has one of the best, well-funded, solid public education systems.

 Let me share what I found about the education system of Canada.

Canadian Education System – Basics

Canadian government gives the highest priorities to the education of its nationals, offering one of the best qualities of education around the globe. It is compulsory for children above 5 years, beginning with grade 1, though the government of Manitoba allows a grace period till 7 years. However, before that, parents can enrol them on kindergarten for a year or two. After that, it will continue up to 16 years till grade 11 or 12, varying with the province in which they attend school. Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Manitoba are exceptions to the rule where students can continue their schooling till 18 years. After that, children can choose whether or not to continue their education in CEGEPs, colleges and universities.

The Structure & Age of the Canadian Education System

Although it varies from province to province, in general, Canadians must attend school until the age of 16, and it is comprised of four levels.

1. Pre-elementary

Whether you admit your kid to the public, federal or private schools, Pre-elementary or ‘kindergarten’ is compulsory for children between the ages of four to five in provinces like New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. It is the first stage of education in Canada before students begin elementary school. However, everywhere else, it is optional.

 The first year of Pre elementary education is free in public schools. However, some provinces like Quebec don’t charge for the 2nd year of kindergarten education for low-income families or children with disabilities.

The academic curriculum in pre-elementary education is relaxed. Here, students learn:

  • To speak and spell the alphabet
  • Basics of counting, pre-reading, music and art
  • To cooperate and socialise with others
  • Prepare for primary school education

2. Primary

Primary education in Canada begins from Grade 1 at the age of 6 or 7 and continues till 11 or 12 years till grade 6. Canadian government allots one teacher to offer assignment help Edmonton for all subjects in one classroom; special education classes are included.

 Here teachers cover curriculum over various subjects like reading, math, English language, history, science, music, social studies, physical education, and art. French alters English in Quebec. The difficulty of learning the curriculum increases as a student advances with schooling.

3. Secondary

 Canadian secondary education is divided into two parts:

  • Junior School

 Also known as intermediate education, it begins after the completion of elementary education. Junior education ranges between grade 7 and grade 8. Junior education aims to prepare the student for the next academic stage, slowly increasing the difficulty of schooling as they progress.

High School 

High school ends with high school spanning over 4 years ending at grade 12 or until a teen reaches the age of 16—however, the age for high school termination changes in every province.

For example, if your kid attains a school education in Ontario or New Brunswick, he must continue his schooling till 18 by law. However, Quebec concludes secondary education at grade 11, mandating a follow-up two-year pre-university program known as Cegep. Some provinces also statute on-job training at the high school level.

4. Post-Secondary Education

 Post-secondary education is the last step of education. After that, a high school graduate can apply to colleges and universities.

  • Colleges

Unlike the rest of the world, colleges in Canada offer only specialised training for a trade. As a result, some students attain college to score more credits and prepare themselves for university education.

  • Universities

Universities are the sanctums for higher education in the country, offering assistance to learn various subjects, including human resource assignment help. The academic curriculum is similar to that of the United States of America, beginning with the bachelor’s degree, master’s, doctoral and post-doctoral research. The provincial government funds most public college and university education while the federal government grants the research. However, students must pay a minimal tuition fee.

Other Types Of Education In Canada

Apart from the government-funded schools, three other forms of education also exist in Canada:

1. Vocational Schools

 Community colleges or technical schools offer vocational education to students to provide complete training on specific trades and gain real-life experience under a professional and qualified supervisor on subjects of interest. A student must have minimum high school graduation to get such training.

2. Private Schools

Private schools offer the same form of education as government-funded ones but with a hefty price tag. However, some benefits of private school education include smaller classes and more specific attention.

Apart from that, if a parent wishes to educate his child on English literature instead of French, he must send him to private schools.

3. Religious Schools

 Canada is a religiously diverse country, with Catholicism leading the chart with 39% and Buddhism and Judaism trailing by 1%. As a result, parents who wish to send their kids to religious schools must admit their wards primarily to private institutions, except for a few specific catholic schools. These schools offer unique spiritual teachings apart from the regular school curriculum.  

Cost Of Education In Canada

The academic education in Canada is vast. However, public school education is free till grade 11 or grade 12, varying with the province. After that, however, international students have to pay the complete fees. Many universities and colleges also offer highly subsidised education for students across all backgrounds to give all residents an equal chance at higher education.

Health Care And Education In Canada

Unlike the U.S., Canada uses taxpayers’ money to fund public healthcare insurance. Though the different provinces have different plans and regulations, the government provides primary medical care for all Canadian citizens for the most part. However, if a patient needs an extra-ordinary medical procedure, he has to cover the medical facilities themself. At times, employers also cover medical costs. Apart from that, many public schools also make daycare and nurseries accessible for those in need.

To sum up,

Canada has some of the finest quality education systems in the world. Unlike any other region of the globe, it does not discriminate against its students, whatever their intelligence, financial or social status, culture, or residency may be. Everybody gets the equal opportunity that they deserve. Canada’s impressive success rate didn’t come from anywhere! The rest of the globe must learn from it.

Author Bio: Rachel Ray is a finance professor at a reputed university in Canada. In his free time, he supervises the financial statement analysis assignment help service of academic assistance service in the country. If you need educational assistance, you may connect with him at


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